But ethnic violence in urban areas well removed from the border is rare, and all the more shocking for seemingly coming out of the blue. In July riots took place near Tsige’s home after the assassination of Hachalu Hundessa, a popular musician and activist from the Oromo ethnic group. Hotels, businesses and homes were destroyed or damaged. About 68–81 % of women agree wife beating if husband has justify in at least one of specified situations in Ethiopia . Both of these women indicated that their status as mothers has made it difficult to break free. ( Log Out /  Six people were injured on July 2 in slashes between Ethiopian security forces and mourners attempting to attend the funeral of Oromo singer and activist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa, whose assassination earlier this week sparked protests, causing violent death of at least 80 people. Several years ago the Ethiopian authorities confiscated almost all of it to build public housing for residents of Addis Ababa, the capital. “If you take 50 hotels in the city, only three are owned by Oromos,” alleges the owner of a juice bar in Adama, the second-largest city in Oromia. The Chairperson calls on the Government of Ethiopia to bring the perpetrators of such heinous act to face justice and encourages all sides to resolve differences through dialogue and peaceful means in order to allow adequate efforts towards preventing and controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. Ethiopia: urban violence continues Posted on July 2, 2020 by Europe correspondent Leave a comment Six people were injured on July 2 in slashes between Ethiopian security forces and mourners attempting to attend the funeral of Oromo singer and activist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa, whose assassination earlier this week sparked protests, causing violent death of at least 80 people. 16. In Shashamene mobs went from door to door checking identity cards, which record ethnicity, before burning property belonging to Christians and non-Oromos. There is a deep well of anger in the suburbs and countryside around the Ethiopian capital. The urban populace is divided and extremely hostile to the regime in power. But a closer look at the pattern of violence in certain places suggests that local factors such as who owns land and businesses may also have played a big part. As Ethiopia prepares for delayed elections some time next year, towns will be places to watch—and worry about. The singer’s killing sparked protests in Addis and surrounding Oromiya region, leading to violent clashes, which left behind more than 80 people killed. IDP community in Batu, Oromia, Ethiopia. This perception may further aggravate tensions. The Oromo have long complained of exclusion from political process. Telecommunication 51 Social Constraints to Women and Girls 53 6.1. The slain singer’s wife, Santu Demisew Diro, gave a short speech after mourners laid wreaths. This is particularly pronounced in the case of Addis Ababa, in which the constitution granted Oromia a “special interest”. Disentangling urban adolescents’ vulnerability to age- and gender-based violence through a capability lens in Ethiopia and Rwanda. Urban Development and Construction 50 5.5. Ethiopia urban population for 2019 was 23,788,710, a 4.9% increase from 2018. In the past decade the expanding city has inched ever closer to Tsige’s village. Late Haacaaluu’s songs were popluar among a generation of Oromo protesters whose three years of anti-government demonstrations finally forced the unprecedented resignation of the Prime minister, 2018, and the appointment of the Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. Her sons dropped out of school to work as labourers on nearby building sites. Gender Based Violence 54 6.3.1 Interpersonal Violence 54 6.3.2 Domestic Violence 55 … In the violence following the musician's killing in June, at least 166 people were killed. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. In recent months, some Oromo activists who initially supported Abiy have become more critical, accusing ignoring he legitimate interests of the Oromo people. Ethiopia, with the goal of informing the development of a pilot survey instrument to measure the prevalence and impact of GBI in selected urban slums of the same three cities. She sold her cows and began buying jerry cans because water from the nearby river had become toxic. Major Objectives 1. Ethiopia has one of the highest prevalence of both physical and sexual violence by their intimate partner. The system also hardened perceptions of non-indigenous folk as alien settlers. The edges of cities are often flashpoints of ethnic violence. In doing so it introduced the notion of ethnic ownership of cities and towns. Towns across the vast region of Oromia, which surrounds Addis Ababa, were similarly ravaged. So many grab lots of it, adding to the ranks of the landless and jobless. Trafficking of Women 54 6.3. 1 General Overview: Sexual and Gender based Violence- Ethiopia Gender power imbalance, prevalent gender inequalities, impunity and gender discrimination remain the root causes of sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) in Ethiopia2. The second factor is land. pic.twitter.com/RQZC0J11SO, — Somalia Latest News (@NaziifAbdullahi) June 30, 2020. “They have a plan to dominate the economy of this town,” frets a non-Oromo. The Graça Machel Trust is gravely concerned by, the ongoing violence in Ethiopia, Mozambique and Uganda. Rapid urban expansion, ongoing conflicts within Ethiopia and high levels of vulnerability to ongoing drought and seasonal floods continue to generate new displacements every year. There were widespread attacks on minorities, notably Amharas, the largest ethnic group after the Oromo. Ethiopia Ethnic violence in Ethiopia leaves deep wounds. 15. There is a deep well of anger in the suburbs and countryside around the Ethiopian capital. The third chapter provides the international and African regional legal response, for domestic violence which is ratified by both Ethiopia and South Africa. 5.4. Much of their anger is also stoked by a fear that Abiy Ahmed, the prime minister, has reneged on promises he made in 2018 to end both authoritarian rule and the alleged marginalisation of Oromos. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The popular Oromo singer, 36, was shot dead in the capital Addis Ababa on June 29 by unknown gunmen and was laid to rest later at a church in Ambo, his home town about 100 km west of the capital. The conflict in Ethiopia's Tigray region has cost hundreds of lives and sent tens of thousands of people fleeing to Sudan over the past three weeks. As many as 78 people have been killed in ethnically motivated clashes in the Oromia region, Harari region and the city of Dire Dawa in the past week, the Ethiopian government confirmed Thursday. The second chapter situates domestic violence in the context of Ethiopia and South Africa. [Read] H.E @AUC_MoussaFaki Chairperson of the African Union Commission appeals for calm in Ethiopia: https://t.co/HZYlmgfu4H#Ethiopia pic.twitter.com/gksWUQPJyO, — African Union (@_AfricanUnion) July 2, 2020. ( Log Out /  Ethiopia urban population for 2016 was 20,581,872, a 5.06% increase from 2015. This is thought to be particularly the case in countries with a high proportion of young people – ‘youth bulges’. Here, we discuss only the violence perpetrated by men. ( Log Out /  The UN has warned that ongoing violence in the country threatens citizens' security and their right to vote. “Our fathers lost their land, so we have nothing to inherit,” says Tsige’s son Betemariam. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! to violence – both criminality and youth participation in political violence and armed groups. New housing estates were pelted with stones, cars and petrol stations were set alight. “…While the country mourns the loss Hachalu Hundesa, the Chairperson appeals for calm, restraint by all sides and calls on all Ethiopians to refrain from acts that could further escalate the current situation” reads the statement of the African Union Chairman H.E Moussa Faki Mahamat, who is monitoring the recent developments in Ethiopia closely, following the killing of Haacaalu Hundeessaa. All rights reserved. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. violence as a trigger for urban violence The now largely accepted argument that deprivation is itself a form of violence gained prominence with John Galtung’s (1991) work on “struc- As towns expanded they attracted settlers from Ethiopia’s northern highlands, who spoke Amharic and dominated urban commerce and the state bureaucracy. Cannot load blog information at this time. ■, This article appeared in the Middle East & Africa section of the print edition under the headline "Urban brawl", Sign up to our free daily newsletter, The Economist today, Published since September 1843 to take part in “a severe contest between intelligence, which presses forward, and an unworthy, timid ignorance obstructing our progress.”. A local human rights watchdog says Ethiopian security officers used "highly questionable" force. 1. Article 620 of the 2004 Criminal Code of Ethiopia, defines rape differently as compelled "sexual intercourse outside wedlock". 2. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. HIV is a highly prevalent sexual health problem in Ethiopia. However, the connection between the two is not yet well investigated. Amharic-speakers are still perceived to control much of the urban economy. #BREAKING: #Ethiopia shuts down Internet services after protests linked to the killing of the prominent artist Hacalu Hundeesa erupted in parts of the capital #AddisAbaba. Ethiopia has shown that in the face of seemingly insurmountable urban pressures it is possible for even a very poor country to take radical steps. for domestic violence, as well as state intervention strategies. Domestic violence is common in Ethiopia both urban and rural families. ( Log Out /  About 88 % of rural and 69 % of urban women believe that their husbands have the right to beat them. VIOLENCE OF URBANIZATION, POOR NEIGHBOURHOODS AND LARGE-SCALE PROJECTS: LESSONS FROM ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA BUILT ENVIRONMENT VOL 40 NO 3 419 symbolic violence in urban spaces. In recent years towns and cities in southern Ethiopia, especially in Oromia, have been flashpoints for political and ethnic turmoil. Photo: Nathalie Bertrams/GAGE. In Ethiopia, community policing has been announced ofcially as a national program in 2005 E.C with the impetus to nullify crimes at lower tiers. Many southern towns began as imperial garrisons after the conquests of Emperor Menelik II, an Amhara, in the late 19th century. “WE WERE BORN here, we grew up here, but now we live like beggars,” fumes Tsige Bule, gazing from a rain-splattered porch towards the grey and unfinished apartment block that looms over what remains of her family’s farmland. Copyright © The Economist Newspaper Limited 2021. under the Urban Assistance programme and the Out of Camp Policy. Abstract and Figures Nowhere in Africa is urban development occurring as rapidly as in Ethiopia’s capital city, Addis Ababa, at the present moment. ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — Weeks after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is coming under harsh criticism over his silence in the face of … Despite considerable progress over the past two decades in advancing the visibility of the rights of children and adolescents to bodily integrity and a life free from violence, the transition from childhood … “It’s not fair,” says Beshadu Degife, who lives down the lane. Modern Ethiopian politics the slain singer ’ s black middle class has under. Father figure the international and African regional legal response, for domestic violence is common in Ethiopia after the of! 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