1964. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Commercial relations between England and the Hanse deteriorated following the seizure of its Bay salt fleet (from south-west France to the Baltic) by English privateers in 1449. Hanseatic League. They came to Lynn with fish, furs, timber, wax and pitch and took away English wool, cloth, corn and salt. Why not discover the fascinating Hanseatic history on foot with the Hanseatic Trail, available from the King’s Lynn Tourist Information Centre, or download the trail leaflet. Above: A replica ship the ‘Lisa von Lübeck’ sailing on the River Great Ouse during one of the Hanseatic Days held at King’s Lynn. In 1537 Bishop’s Lynn became King’s Lynn when the charter of Henry VIII finally dispossessed the Norwich bishops and transferred full political power to the town’s merchants. In 2006 King's Lynn became the first English member of the newly formed new Hanseatic League. The original mediaeval Hanseatic League, which comprised a group of towns around the Baltic and the North Sea, was an extremely influential trading association and was very much a part of King’s Lynn’s development and historic past. When Lynn received its first Royal Charter of borough freedom in 1204, giving its merchants a degree of self-government, it was already the third or fourth largest port in England. Lynn was soon more heavily dependent on the Prussia trade through Danzig than any other English port. Between the 1560’s and 1751 the Hanseatic League leased the building to King’s Lynn merchants and during this time there would have been significant alterations and extensions to the warehouses. The son of Margery Kempe married a Prussian woman and both travelled to Lynn in 1431, leaving their child in Danzig. Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Boston and Hull are currently the only other members from the United Kingdom. German merchants from the Baltic and Hamburg secured trading privileges at Lynn in 1271. Their Priory Church of St Margaret was, nevertheless, only to be built and rebuilt through the wealth of Lynn’s mercantile community, though the Norwich bishops were determined to retain their grip on the town. Kings Lynn was a Kontor, and the League acquired and developed the site in the late 1470s. This is today the only surviving Hanseatic business headquarters or steelyard in England. The town attracted traders from the Hanseatic League, a group of German cities whose ships travelled together in convoys for safety, especially against pirates. A number of Lynn merchants and their associates seem settled in several Baltic seaports by the early 15th century, particularly in Wismar, Stralsund and Danzig. Then all Hanseatic towns united against England after a major incident off Denmark in 1468. As the 1085 Domesday Book mentions saltings at Lena (Lynn), an area of partitioned pools may have existed there at the time. The Hanseatic League in London 3 Replies What was founded in the twelfth century and had become known by the thirteenth as the Hanseatic League was essentially an alliance of mercantile guilds in maritime cities bordering the North Sea and Baltic, extending from Edinburgh in Scotland in the west to Novgorod in Russia in the east. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The Making of King's Lynn: secular buildings from the 11th to the 17th century.. pp 115-118, fig 26. Incorporating text from the ‘Medieval Hanseatic League’, by Dr. Paul Richards. By the early 13th century Lynn had become a significant market town and seaport. Herring, timber, wax, iron and pitch were imported into England via Lynn in Hanseatic ships which sometimes carried grain from the Wash to Flanders. Above: The replica ship ‘Lisa von Lübeck’ sailing past King’s Lynn, with the abbey church in the background. Learn more about the Hanseatic League in this article. The name Lynn may signify a body of water near the town – the Welsh word llyn means a lake; but the name is plausibly of Anglo-Saxon origin, from lean meaning a tenure in fee or farm. In the Middle Ages, sea trade with Europe was led by the Hanseatic League of ports which played a large role in the development of Kings Lynn. By the 16th century the east coast trade in corn and coal, mainly involving London and Newcastle respectively, kept the commercial wheels of this Norfolk seaport turning. In 2006 King's Lynn became the first English member of the newly formed modern Hanseatic League. Unfortunately, Margery’s son died in Lynn and she escorted her daughter-in-law back to Danzig. The town now known as King's Lynn was, in medieval times, rather Bishop's Lynn. It retains two buildings that were warehouses of the Hanseatic League that were in use between the 15th and 17th centuries. Hanseatic warehouse, King's Lynn The last surviving Hanseatic building in England is a brick warehouse on the banks of the Great Ouse in King’s Lynn, on the Norfolk coast. Once the export of wool from England began to fall in the later 14th century, Hanseatic towns tended to link up with particular English ports. German towns certainly dominated the organisation which spread to England, Scandinavia and even as far north as the Russian port of Novgarod. It was joined by Hull in 2012 and Boston in 2016. The Hanseatic League Warehouse in King’s Lynn is the only surviving League structure in England The harbour was historically along the waterfront on the river. German merchants from the Baltic and Hamburg secured trading privileges at Lynn in 1271 and these were confirmed, after some local disputes, in 1310. The Making of King's Lynn in Records of Social and Economic History. Retired state counselor at Waimano Homes. The port today is still busy exporting grain and importing timber. The etymology of King's Lynn is uncertain. An Anglo-Hanseatic Sea War in the southern North … It was here that German merchants had their offices and lodgings, shops and warehouses. Its connection with the Hanseatic League of the Middle Ages was highlighted in 2004 with the visit of the Kieler Hansekogge; then in 2005 the Borough of King’s Lynn and West Norfolk became a member of the New Hanseatic League – England’s first representative. The town now known as King's Lynn was, in medieval times, rather Bishop's Lynn. The success of the League is often attributed to keeping their transaction costs low. Lynn was in turn a major corn exporter with granaries lining the river. The Hanseatic League was a powerful economic and defensive alliance that left a great cultural and architectural heritage. That Lynn treated independently with the Hanseatic cities in the resolution of disputes or grievances testifies to a not inconsiderable presence. King’s Lynn was one of the English ports that were part of the German Hanseatic League and it is today the only town in England that has a building remaining from the days when the Hanse merchants were living in the town. New factories began to supply English farmers with machinery, artificial manure and animal feed. Lübeck invited Danzig to take charge of the property, the complex now known as Hanse House. pp 335-6. Lübeckers and other merchants from the East appear to be visiting English ports at the beginning of the 13th century, following traders from Got land, to Lynn, Hull and Boston, then to London. Lynn merchants sent cargoes to Prussia in Danzig ships and to Bergen in Lübeck bottoms, but none of them appear to have been resident in Norway or Hanseatic cities until the 1380s. http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/de_hansa.html. hanse {n} (Hanseatic League) SEE: Hanseatic League Hanse {n} (German commercial league) SEE: Hanseatic League Hanseatic {adj} (of or pertaining to the German Hanse) Hanseatic League, organization founded by north German towns and German merchant communities abroad to protect their mutual trading interests. The Hanseatic towns united against England after a major international incident off Denmark in 1468 in which seven English ships were arrested and Lynn men were accused by the Danish King of heinous crimes in Iceland. [86] It was joined by Hull in 2012 and Boston in 2016. 1984. Hull also joined and Boston, Lincolnshirewas considering an application in early 2013. Though its international trade with the Baltic and south-west France (wine imports were substantial) continued, it was relatively less important than before. ( Log Out /  The Merchants' Houses and Warehouses of King's Lynn. Change ), http://ieg-ego.eu/en/threads/european-networks/economic-networks/margrit-schulte-beerbuehl-networks-of-the-hanseatic-league, http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/de_hansa.html. During this era, King's Lynn in the East of England was one of our most important ports for sea trade. The right to maintain their own houses was a critical concession (other alien merchants had to lodge with burgesses). The original mediaeval Hanseatic League, which comprised a group of towns around the Baltic and the North Sea, was an extremely influential trading association and was very much a part of King’s Lynn’s development and historic past. The Hanse is an active network of towns and cities across Europe, which historically belonged to the association of merchant towns known as the Hanseatic League. New Hanseatic League. This league is open to all former Hanseatic League members and cities that share a Hanseatic Heritage. The Hanseatic depot at King’s Lynn still stands, one of the branch locations of Hanseatic activity. They are the only remaining building structures of the Hanseatic League in England. A sizeable group of German shoemakers were living in Lynn by the1420s for example. The South Quay area of King's Lynn bears testament to the rich merchants who gave the town so many of … During the 14th century, the town became England’s most important port. Above: The double-headed eagle was the emblem of the Hanseatic League. Background information: Historians generally trace the origins of the League to the rebuilding of the North German town of Lübeck in 1159. The current President of the Hanseatic League of New Time is Bernd Saxe, Mayor of Lübeck. Lübeck invited Danzig to take charge of the property, the complex now known as Hanse House. Even today, car number plates in Germany, which also carry a code for the town of origin of each vehicle, reflect the historic connections with Hanse towns. In 1980, former Hanseatic League members established a "n… What was displaced was the model set by the Hanseatic League. Lyran refugees arrived in Hansa space in the late twenty-ninth century as a direct result of Archon Elizabeth Steiner 's Military Disaster Order. http://ieg-ego.eu/en/threads/european-networks/economic-networks/margrit-schulte-beerbuehl-networks-of-the-hanseatic-league, List of Hanse towns: It insisted on a free gift of their former trading posts or steelyards at London and Boston and of a new one at Lynn. There was Bergen (in Norway), London (in England), Bruges (in Belgium) and Novgorod (in Russia). It retains two buildings that were warehouses of the Hanseatic League that were in use between the 15th and 17th centuries. The modern Hanse works to encourage and increase contact between its member cities, promoting cross border co-operation and making a contribution to the economic, cultural and social life in Europe. New Series IX, British Academy. Once the export of wool from England began to fall in the later 14th century, Hanseatic towns tended to link up with particular English ports. The Witchfinder General, Matthew Hopkins, was paid £15 #OnThisDay in 1646 for finding 9 witches in King's Lynn, Norfolk! Previously named Bishop's Lynn, the town came to be known as King's Lynn in the 16th century. Despite the growth of suburbs and some redevelopment in the 1960s and 1970s, the Old Town of King’s Lynn remains of national significance for its architectural and historic interest. Details of this commercial and diplomatic interaction can be found in the memorandum book belonging to William Asshebourne, Lynn’s town clerk. In 1537 Bishop’s Lynn became King’s Lynn when the charter of Henry VIII finally dispossessed the Norwich bishops and transferred full political power to the town’s merchants. The Hanseatic League (also known as the Hanse or Hansa) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and their market towns that dominated trade along the coast of Northern Europe. Wool, skins, cloth and lead were commodities taken back to Danzig and other German harbours. King’s Lynn was known for centuries for the distinctive granaries and maltings on the riverside, and buildings were often extended and repaired. King’s Lynn, originally known as ‘Lin’, is thought to have derived its name from the Celtic word for a lake or pool, and it is recorded that a large tidal lake originally covered this area. King’s Lynn & Its Connection with the Hanseatic League. It could be said that the Hanseatic League was a forerunner to today’s Common Market. Among them are: ‘HB’ – Hansestadt Bremen; ‘HH’ – Hansestadt Hamburg; and ‘HL’ – Hansestadt Lübeck. In 1408 he received a letter from Lynn men in Danzig setting out their ordinances recently drawn up for “their company” there. Herring, timber, wax, iron and pitch were imported into England via Lynn in Hanseatic ships which sometimes carried grain from the Wash to Flanders. In 1980, former Hanseatic League members established a "new Hanse" in Zwolle. During this period the German Merchants of this great maritime guild were the dominant political and economic power. Leisure and Entertainment around Downham Market, Discover many of West Norfolk’s finest villages, © Copyright - Visit West Norfolk | Borough Council of King's Lynn & West Norfolk 2019. Supporter. Today visitors can enjoy a self guided trail of Hanseatic King’s Lynn. The town still has two former Hanseatic League … King's Lynn is one of the few Hanseatic towns in the UK, during the 14th century The Hanse defensive alliance was set up in Europe, this league included significant seaports & market towns. The modern Hanse works to encourage and increase contact between its member cities, promoting cross border co-operation and making a contribution to the economic, cultural and social life in Europe. Today, the town is still an active port and retains the last remaining Hanseatic warehouse in England. In the 13th century, Kings Lynn was the third most important port in England and part of the Hanseatic league. Despite the growth of suburbs and some redevelopment in the 1960s and 1970s, the Old Town of King’s Lynn remains of national significance for its architectural and historic interest. Thousands of people visited the event which started with a parade of flags from the countries which form the new Hanse – an active network of towns and cities across Europe, which historically belonged to the association of merchant towns known as the Hanseatic League. Boston and Lynn attracted the German Hanse because their extensive hinterlands offered commercial opportunities and rewards. Publication: Dorothy Owen. ( Log Out /  This included being exempt from local taxes, on the basis that if the Hanse merchants did not have to pay landing dues at an English port (for example) then they did not charge English traders for landing good in Germany. By the 16th century the east coast trade in corn and coal, mainly involving London and Newcastle respectively, kept the commercial wheels of this Norfolk seaport turning. In 2006 King's Lynn became the first English member of the newly formed modern Hanseatic League. The Hanseatic League was a grouping of states on the southern Baltic coast that is now (east) Germany and Poland. The right to maintain their own houses was a critical concession (other alien merchants had to lodge with burgesses). The current President of the Hanseatic League of New Time is Bernd Saxe, Mayor of Lübeck. Commercial relations between England and the Hanse deteriorated following the seizure of its Bay salt fleet (from south-west France to the Baltic) by English privateers in 1449. The town's past wealth and development is closely associated with maritime trading links. Its connection with the Hanseatic League of the Middle Ages was highlighted in 2004 with the visit of the Kieler Hansekogge; then in 2005 the Borough of King’s Lynn and West Norfolk became a member of the New Hanseatic League – England’s first representative. Letter from Lynn men in Danzig Hanse '' in Zwolle southern Baltic coast that is now East. 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