The column headed ‘PAN HHP’ identifies whether the pesticide banned is on the PAN HHP list, denoted by X. All countries and companies in our dataset were given an opportunity to review and comment on our findings. This produced the most complete record of banned agricultural pesticides exported from the EU ever to reach the public domain. A high number of different pesticides that have been banned in the EU was detected in food coming from China (30), India (25), Thailand (23), Brazil (13), Vietnam (14) and Morocco (12), among others. Syngenta is by far the largest exporter of these deadly pesticides. 1. thAldicarb (vide S.O. Both Bayer and Corteva said their products met high safety standards when properly used, and were tailored to meet the needs of different farmers in different places. Here you can find all substances currently listed in the relevant annexes to the POPs Regulation. This combination was a “perfect storm” which led to farmworkers “not being able to take adequate and reasonable measures” to protect themselves. Read labels. More on this story. Among these was carbendazim, a fungicide. A Syngenta spokesperson said the company had a long history of “investing heavily in programs and training to ensure the correct use of our products” and that when “following label instructions, farmers can responsibly and safely use crop protection products that have been authorised by competent local authorities”. However, soy farmers and other agribusinesses have been, to build a case for reversing the ban. A Corteva spokesperson said: “Crop protection products exported from Europe have been fully approved in the country of destination. He added: “[It] stands to reason that products required, for example, to grow crops in Indonesia require different solutions to a farmer in France. Agroquimicos de Levante, one of the Spanish companies that exports 1,3-D and chloropicrin, said that although these chemicals were not currently authorised in the EU, new safety studies had been submitted to EU authorities and their status was under review. The official said a “ban of exports from the EU will not automatically lead third countries to stop using such pesticides – they may import from elsewhere”. New pesticides will then be licensed at national level on the basis of this list. CIbromochloropropane 7. The firm involved only has an office in the Netherlands for administrative purposes”. It is often exported from the EU in mixtures with another banned fumigant pesticide called chloropicrin, which was. Spain said the actual volume of active ingredients it exported in 2018 was 4,025 tonnes, but this is solely the weight of banned chemicals, and cannot be directly compared to the 5,182 tonnes of formulated pesticides it notified for export. The idea is to give poor countries that do not have resources to do their own research the opportunity to make an informed decision on whether to accept the exports. This was, he said, an “unquestionably hazardous pesticide that is killing countless people around the world and resulting in who knows how many cases of health impacts such as Parkinson’s”. The vast bulk of the UK’s notified exports – 28,185 tonnes – were mixtures containing paraquat, a long-banned weedkiller manufactured in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, by the agrochemical giant Syngenta. EU countries including the UK notified exports of 81,615 tonnes of banned pesticide products in 2018, with more than half (42,636 tonnes) intended for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs); These exports were destined for 85 different countries, of which more than three quarters were LMICs: Brazil, Ukraine, Morocco, Mexico and South Africa were all among the top 10 importers of EU banned pesticide exports; Two thirds of the notified exports to richer nations were destined for one place: the US, which has some of the most permissive pesticide regulations among high-income countries and, is itself a major exporter of banned agrochemicals to LMICs. We obtained a list from ECHA of all of the (52) chemicals that are banned for use as crop protection products and were exported for use as pesticides in 2018, and we attempted to obtain every one of these export notifications. that a planned export of 250 tonnes from their country to Ukraine was not ultimately shipped that year. Unearthed and Public Eye’s investigation also revealed highly hazardous pesticides exported in smaller volumes. “The climate and agriculture are different, but the human bodies are very much the same.”. Aldrin 3. and Public Eye’s investigation also revealed highly hazardous pesticides exported in smaller volumes. 682 (E) dated 17 July 2001) 2. EU ban. The highly toxic fungicide carbendazim, a mutagen substance also toxic to reproduction, is the one which was detected the most (1596 samples), this is more samples than some of the authorised fungicides! But four other countries and at least four other companies also notified exports of these products, with significant destinations including Guatemala and Honduras, where labour rights groups have. 03-12-2020 (updated: 15-12-2020 ) In its conclusion, the EU Ombudsman indicated that the EU Commission should not approve a pesticide if EFSA does not conclude that it is safe to use. The list contains the substance identification (Chemical name/INN, CAS Number and EC number) of each prohibited substance. EU legislation (particularly Council Directive 79/117/EEC) previously prohibited (sometimes known as "banned") the placing on the market and use of plant protection products containing certain active substances which, even if applied in an authorised manner, could give rise to harmful effects on human health or the environment. It is often exported from the EU in mixtures with another banned fumigant pesticide called chloropicrin, which was manufactured as a chemical weapon during World War I. Loopholes in European law mean chemical companies like Bayer and Syngenta can continue making pesticides for export long after they have been banned from use in the EU to protect the environment or the health of its citizens. But by far the biggest exporter by volume was the UK, the origin of 32,188 tonnes of planned exports – almost 40% of the total. Calcium Cyanide 6. thCarbaryl (vide S.O 3951(E) … A spokesperson for the Dutch authorities also said that while on paper the Netherlands was the origin of around 2,600 tonnes of exports containing the banned pesticide propargite, in reality “the exported Propargite is produced in Italy and shipped from Italian ports. The EU is not far behind. Sole responsibility for this publication lies with the authors and the funders are not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained herein. alongside this investigation which shows in these cases how actual exports differed from planned exports. Fernando Bejarano, from the Pesticide Action Network Mexico (or RAPAM) said the real consequence of differing climates was that it was too hot in places like Mexico to wear the personal protective equipment available to farmworkers in Europe. The following are the list of pesticides proposed to be banned which include insecticides, fungicides and weedicides: 2,4-D, acephate, atrazine, benfuracarb, butachlor, captan, carbendazin, carbofuran, chlorpyriphos, deltamethrin, dicofol, dimethoate, dinocap, diuron, malathion, mancozeb, methimyl, monocrotophos, oxyfluorfen, pendimethalin, quninalphos, sulfosulfuron, thiodicarb, thiophante methyl, thiram, zineb … on international trade in hazardous pesticides and chemicals. This UN convention requires countries to share information about the dangers of their banned chemical exports with the importing countries. 09.09.2020. To cut through the secrecy of this trade, Unearthed and Public Eye spent months filing requests for these documents to the European Chemicals Agency, and regulators in Germany, France, Belgium and the UK. Copper Acetoarsenite 6. However, many banned products exported from the EU as “pesticides” are not intended for crop protection: they may be used in domestic pest control, to disinfect livestock sheds or medical equipment, or to coat the hulls of ships. Benomyl (vide S.O 3951(E) dated 8th August, 2018) 5. 2. Of those, 193 contained active ingredients banned in the EU, Unearthed found using data from Brazil’s agriculture ministry. Even this year, with the ban due to take effect this month, Syngenta planned a further 3,310 tonnes of Brazil paraquat shipments. Meanwhile, the supposed ‘phase out’ of paraquat in Brazil has had minimal impact on Syngenta’s notified exports to the country. EU farmers will have to manage without or depend much less on 44 pesticides banned in 2019 or 2020, or in the process, and likely to be banned. Below is a list of pesticides that have been evaluated by the Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR) and the Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Specifications (JMPS). The Consolidated List of Banned Pesticides (CL) has been developed to identify which pesticides have been banned by particular countries because there appears to be no other source for such information. of agricultural produce – the United States, Brazil, and Ukraine – were all among the top five destinations for the EU’s banned pesticide exports. Ethyl Parathion 10. from farmers who allege paraquat gave them Parkinson’s disease. 3. She argued that “convincing them not to use such pesticides will be more effective” and this would be part of the “green diplomacy efforts” planned by the EU to “achieve more sustainable food systems globally.”. as ‘mutagenic’ – capable of causing gene mutations – and ‘reprotoxic’ – capable of damaging fertility, sexual function or the unborn child. … “I believe the climate in Western Ukraine is similar to Poland, which is an EU country, or Slovakia, or Hungary,” he said. Substances likely to be harmful to honeybees will also be outlawed. More importantly, all of this should occur alongside the development and promotion of agricultural practices and alternatives to pesticide use that work together with nature and promote biodiversity rather than destroying it". Exotic fruit sold in Europe such as guavas (85%), goji berries (55%), breadfruit (42%) and cherimoyas (40%) are on the top of the list, together with teas (37%), peppercorns (29%) and coriander leaves (25%). and Public Eye investigation has revealed. A few others declined to provide precise figures, but did indicate specific exports that did not ultimately take place in 2018. The investigation’s findings come after three dozen United Nations human rights experts issued a statement this summer calling on wealthy nations to end the “deplorable” practice of exporting banned pesticides to poorer countries with weaker regulations. 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